Anatomy… It’s What Moves You
If you are knowledgeable about your muscle anatomy, you will understand
more of how your muscles interact in the gym while you are exercising. It is
important to know which muscles you are working and with which exercise. The
skeletal muscle are muscles that are attached to the skeleton, these are
muscles that help you move every day.
Quick Reference Guide To Your Muscles
The handy dandy list and diagram below will guide you in learning about
your muscle anatomy, this way you will know which muscles are being used. The muscular
system is the largest system in the body. Your muscles provide balance,
posture, strength, movement and are partly responsible in holding everything
together. This is why we need to make sure we keep our muscles in tip top shape.
- Neck: Your neck has four major muscles, allowing you to move your neck forward,
backward and laterally.
- Traps: The technical name for this muscle is trapezius which allows you
to raise your shoulders up and down vertically.
- Shoulders: The technical name for this muscle is the deltoid and is made
up of three separate heads. The anterior is in the front it raises the arm
forward. The lateral is in the middle it raises the arm sideways. The posterior
is in the rear it raises the arm backward.
- Chest: The technical name for this muscle is pectoralis and is made up
of two muscles. There is the pectoralis major and the pectoralis minor. These
two work in harmony to bring the arm across the body.
- Biceps: The biceps have two separate heads these are located on the
front of your arm and allow you to bend your arm up towards your shoulder.
- Triceps: The triceps muscle anatomy has three heads these are located on the back
of your arm directly behind your biceps and allow you to straighten your arm.
- Forearm: There are several muscles that are in effect here these muscles
work in harmony to allow flexing, bending, twisting and extending your wrist.
- Abs: Technically these are your abdominals there are three muscle groups
that work together. The rectus abdominis, the external obliques and the serratus
anterior these muscle groups work in harmony to allow movement towards your
lower body, allowing lateral flex and rotation.
- Lats: Technically these are called the latissimus dorsi which makes up
for the majority of your upper back. There are also some additional muscles
known as the teres major, teres minor and the rhomboids. These allow your arm
to be pulled down and back. Also included for the lower back are the erector
spinae these allow you to straighten up and bend over.
- Glutes: These are also known as the gluteus maximus and the gluteus
medius, they are the strongest muscle in the body. They are basically
responsible for driving the upper leg or your quadriceps backward.
- Quads: Also known as the quadriceps meaning this body part is comprised
of four different muscles and they are located on the front of your leg. These
muscles work in harmony to allow you to extend your leg to the front and allow
- Hamstrings: Located on the back of your leg directly behind your quads,
the hamstrings allow for bending your knee and foot back towards your glutes.
Keep scrolling down for a basic and also a more complex view of the
human muscle anatomy.
Top of page